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Bariatric Surgery Benefits Go Beyond Weight Loss, Improving Diabetes and Heart Health
Bariatric surgery improves lives in many ways, allowing people to enjoy new activities without limitations imposed by excess weight. Shedding those extra kilograms also comes with various health benefits. Weight loss surgery not only gives patients the ability to lead a healthier lifestyle but also improves several obesity-related comorbid conditions.
Dr V. Kuzinkovas at Advanced Surgicare has helped countless patients change their lives with bariatric surgery. Schedule an appointment at our Sydney office to see if you qualify.
Bariatric Surgery and Diabetes
Several studies have investigated the relationship between type 2 diabetes and obesity. Bariatric surgery is a powerful tool against this metabolic condition. A 2017 study published in BMC Endocrine Disorders aimed to evaluate how bariatric surgery improves diabetes management.
The gastrointestinal tract plays a significant part in metabolic regulation, and weight loss surgery alters this anatomical area, often resulting in diabetes remission. The primary mechanism involved in the procedure affects insulin sensitivity in the tissues, changing the composition and flow of bile acid and modifying gut microorganisms and intestinal glucose (sugar) metabolism. These alterations, combined with adequate pre-operative glycemic control, result not only in profound weight loss but higher rates of type 2 diabetes remission and a lower likelihood of relapse.
The short-term results of weight loss surgery can lead to significant weight loss and complete disease remission for patients with diabetes. The long-term success of bariatric surgery includes long-lasting weight loss, improved glycemic control, dramatic rates of diabetic remission and reduced mortality due to the disease. Bariatric surgery is typically recommended for diabetes patients with a BMI of 35 or higher, whether or not their blood sugar is under control, and patients with a BMI of 30 or higher with inadequate glycemic control.
Heart Health and Bariatric Surgery
People who struggle with obesity tend to have cardiovascular concerns because obesity is a risk factor for heart failure, coronary artery disease, hypertension, venous thromboembolism, dysrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and other cardiovascular diseases. Bariatric surgery is an effective tool for preventing cardiovascular risk factors and improving cardiovascular health in obese patients, according to a 2019 study in Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine. Long-term, meaningful weight loss (around 70% of excess kilograms) can prevent the development of heart concerns and reduce certain risks, including mortality.
Bariatric surgery typically leads to an approximate 35% reduction in total body weight or a loss of about 70% of excess weight in the 12 to 18 months following the procedure. This substantial size reduction lowers the risk of heart attack (myocardial infarction) and stroke. Other studies have shown bariatric surgery reduces the risk of heart failure, coronary artery disease and hypertension. However, it may not be effective for some other types of cardiovascular disease.
If you’re interested in bariatric surgery, contact Advanced Surgicare Clinic in Sydney by calling 1300-551-533.